Dev Help

SharePoint Online - Make Office File to Open in Desktop Application by default Instead of Online

In a SharePoint documents library, documents will be opened in client application by default, if the “Open Documents in Client Applications by Default site” site collection feature is activated.

However, if you use document URL as a link in another place, clicking the link will not open document in desktop application. It will open the document in online app.

Solution for that is, add respective Office URI Scheme to the beginning of the document URL. For a Excel document, link should be like: ms-excel:ofe|u|………
List of URL scheme names available for Microsoft Office applications are:
  • ms-word:
  • ms-powerpoint:
  • ms-excel:
  • ms-visio:
  • ms-access:
  • ms-project:
  • ms-publisher:
  • ms-spd:
  • ms-infopath:

Sample jQuery code to open an Excel document in desktop application on a button click is:
$("#btnOpenExcelFile" ).click (function() { "ms-excel:ofe|u|");

SharePoint Online - Client Side People Picker – JavaScript

Following code sample is an example of how to use People Picker controls in a SharePoint online custom form. Just add a Script Editor webpart to a page and add following code. Hitting ‘Test on Console’ button will log selected people’s names in the browser console.

In addition to name, there are other properties that you can directly use as shown in the following image.

Complete code to place in the Script Editor webpart:

< script src=""></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/SP.Runtime.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/sp.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/1033/strings.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/clienttemplates.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/clientforms.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/clientpeoplepicker.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/autofill.js"></script>
< script src ="/_layouts/15/SP.Core.js"></script>
< div >
  <p><span>On behalfof:</span></p>
  <inputtype="button"value="Test in Console" onclick =" ViewFieldData ( )"/>
<scripttype ="text/javascript">
$(document).ready( function() {
// Initialize People Pickers after loading clientpeoplepicker.js file.
SP.SOD.executeFunc( "/_layouts/15/clientpeoplepicker.js","SP.ClientContext",function() {
setTimeout( function() {
initializePeoplePicker( 'peoplePickerDivApprover');
initializePeoplePicker( 'peoplePickerDivOnBehalfOf');
}, 2000);
  // Render and initialize the client-side People Picker.
  function initializePeoplePicker(peoplePickerElementId) {
// Create a schema to store picker properties, and set the properties.
   var schema = {};
schema[ 'PrincipalAccountType'] ='User,DL,SecGroup,SPGroup';
// To specifies where you would want to search for the valid values
schema[ 'SearchPrincipalSource'] = 15;
// To specifies where you would want to resolve for the valid values
schema[ 'ResolvePrincipalSource'] = 15;
schema[ 'AllowMultipleValues'] =true;
schema[ 'MaximumEntitySuggestions'] = 50;
schema[ 'Width'] ='280px';
// Render and initialize the picker.
// Pass the ID of the DOM element that contains the picker, an array of initial PickerEntity
// objects to set the picker value, and a schema that defines picker properties.
this .SPClientPeoplePicker_InitStandaloneControlWrapper(peoplePickerElementId, null, schema);
  function ViewFieldData() {
var peoplePickerApprover=this.SPClientPeoplePicker.SPClientPeoplePickerDict.peoplePickerDivApprover_TopSpan;
var peoplePickerOnBehalfOf=this.SPClientPeoplePicker.SPClientPeoplePickerDict.peoplePickerDivOnBehalfOf_TopSpan
//var keysApprover = peoplePickerApprover.GetAllUserKeys();
//var keysOnBehalfOf = peoplePickerOnBehalfOf.GetAllUserKeys();
// Read the first person selected
var userApproverText='';
var userApprover = peoplePickerApprover.GetAllUserInfo();
if (userApprover.length > 0) {
var userA=userApprover[0];
// Read DisplayText property. There are few other properties available too
userApproverText = userA.DisplayText;
// Read all people selected
var userOnBehalfOfText='';
var userOnBehalfOf = peoplePickerOnBehalfOf.GetAllUserInfo();
if (userOnBehalfOf.length > 0) {
for ( var i = 0; i < userOnBehalfOf.length; i++) {
var userB = userOnBehalfOf[i];
if (i == 0) {
userOnBehalfOfText += userB.DisplayText;
} else{
userOnBehalfOfText += ( '; '+userB.DisplayText);
console.log( "Approver: "+userApproverText);
console.log( "On behalf of: "+userOnBehalfOfText);

SQL Server – Script to Rebuild / Reorganize Indexes based on Fragmentation and No of Pages

Heavily fragmented indexes can degrade query performance and cause applications to respond slowly. Reorganizing or rebuilding of indexes will fix this issue. However, this is a very resource intensive process. Therefore identify and only rebuild the indexes that need to be rebuilt is important.

Following criteria can be used to determine which indexes to rebuild, which indexes to reorganize, and which indexes to leave alone.
  • REBUILD index : if fragmentation is > 30% and number of pages > 1000
  • REORGANIZE index : if fragmentation is > 10 % but < 30% and number of pages > 1000

We can use system function sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats to find out fragmentation information of indexes like:
  • avg_fragmentation_in_percent: The percent of logical fragmentation (out-of-order pages in the index).
  • fragment_count: The number of fragments (physically consecutive leaf pages) in the index.
  • avg_fragment_size_in_pages: Average number of pages in one fragment in an index.

Following is a complete SQL script copied from for the above purpose. Setting “report_only = 1” of the script will only analyze the database without updating.

-- Ensure a USE <databasename> statement has been executed first.

-- adapted from "Rebuild or reorganize indexes (with configuration)" from MSDN Books Online
-- (

-- =======================================================
-- || Configuration variables:
-- || - 10 is an arbitrary decision point at which to reorganize indexes.
-- || - 30 is an arbitrary decision point at which to
-- || switch from reorganizing, to rebuilding.
-- || - 0 is the default fill factor. Set this to a
-- || a value from 1 to 99, if needed.
-- =======================================================
DECLARE @reorg_frag_thresh   float       SET @reorg_frag_thresh   = 10.0
DECLARE @rebuild_frag_thresh float       SET @rebuild_frag_thresh = 30.0
DECLARE @fill_factor         tinyint     SET @fill_factor         = 80
DECLARE @report_only         bit         SET @report_only         = 1

-- added (DS) : page_count_thresh is used to check how many pages the current table uses
DECLARE @page_count_thresh smallint     SET @page_count_thresh   = 1000

-- Variables required for processing.
DECLARE @objectid       int
DECLARE @indexid        int
DECLARE @partitioncount bigint
DECLARE @schemaname     nvarchar(130)
DECLARE @objectname     nvarchar(130)
DECLARE @indexname      nvarchar(130)
DECLARE @partitionnum   bigint
DECLARE @partitions     bigint
DECLARE @frag           float
DECLARE @page_count     int
DECLARE @command        nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @intentions     nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @table_var      TABLE(
                          objectid     int,
                          indexid      int,
                          partitionnum int,
                          frag         float,
                          page_count   int

-- Conditionally select tables and indexes from the
-- sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats function and
-- convert object and index IDs to names.
    [object_id]                    AS objectid,
    [index_id]                     AS indexid,
    [partition_number]             AS partitionnum,
    [avg_fragmentation_in_percent] AS frag,
       [page_count]                         AS page_count
    sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (DB_ID(), NULL, NULL , NULL, 'LIMITED')
    [avg_fragmentation_in_percent] > @reorg_frag_thresh
       page_count > @page_count_thresh
    index_id > 0

-- Declare the cursor for the list of partitions to be processed.
    SELECT * FROM @table_var

-- Open the cursor.
OPEN partitions

-- Loop through the partitions.
        FROM partitions
        INTO @objectid, @indexid, @partitionnum, @frag, @page_count


        @objectname = QUOTENAME(o.[name]),
        @schemaname = QUOTENAME(s.[name])
        sys.objects AS o WITH (NOLOCK)
        JOIN sys.schemas as s WITH (NOLOCK)
        ON s.[schema_id] = o.[schema_id]
        o.[object_id] = @objectid

        @indexname = QUOTENAME([name])
        sys.indexes WITH (NOLOCK)
        [object_id] = @objectid AND
        [index_id] = @indexid

        @partitioncount = count (*)
        sys.partitions WITH (NOLOCK)
        [object_id] = @objectid AND
        [index_id] = @indexid

    -- Build the required statement dynamically based on options and index stats.
    SET @intentions =
        @schemaname + N'.' +
        @objectname + N'.' +
        @indexname + N':' + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
    SET @intentions =
        REPLACE(SPACE(LEN(@intentions)), ' ', '=') + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) +
    SET @intentions = @intentions +
        N' FRAGMENTATION: ' + CAST(@frag AS nvarchar) + N'%' + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) +
        N' PAGE COUNT: '    + CAST(@page_count AS nvarchar) + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)

    IF @frag < @rebuild_frag_thresh BEGIN
        SET @intentions = @intentions +
            N' OPERATION: REORGANIZE' + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
        SET @command =
            N'ALTER INDEX ' + @indexname +
            N' ON ' + @schemaname + N'.' + @objectname +
            N' REORGANIZE; ' +
            N' UPDATE STATISTICS ' + @schemaname + N'.' + @objectname +
            N' ' + @indexname + ';'

    IF @frag >= @rebuild_frag_thresh BEGIN
        SET @intentions = @intentions +
            N' OPERATION: REBUILD' + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
        SET @command =
            N'ALTER INDEX ' + @indexname +
            N' ON ' + @schemaname + N'.' +     @objectname +
            N' REBUILD'
    IF @partitioncount > 1 BEGIN
        SET @intentions = @intentions +
            N' PARTITION: ' + CAST(@partitionnum AS nvarchar(10)) + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
        SET @command = @command +
            N' PARTITION=' + CAST(@partitionnum AS nvarchar(10))
    IF @frag >= @rebuild_frag_thresh AND @fill_factor > 0 AND @fill_factor < 100 BEGIN
        SET @intentions = @intentions +
            N' FILL FACTOR: ' + CAST(@fill_factor AS nvarchar) + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
        SET @command = @command +
            N' WITH (FILLFACTOR = ' + CAST(@fill_factor AS nvarchar) + ')'

    -- Execute determined operation, or report intentions
    IF @report_only = 0 BEGIN
        SET @intentions = @intentions + N' EXECUTING: ' + @command
        PRINT @intentions     
        EXEC (@command)
        PRINT @intentions
       PRINT @command


-- Close and deallocate the cursor.
CLOSE partitions
DEALLOCATE partitions


Rebuilding an index can be executed online or offline. Reorganizing an index is always executed online: